Military justice systems are facing some difficult questions in many parts of the world. South Africa is not an exception. The biggest challenge probably relates to the judicial independence of military courts. This article advances the idea of institutionalisation of a military judicial office. It reviews some global trends in the areas of the appointment and tenure of military judges, and weighs up the different options available to the South African military justice system on the question of tenure. It recommends a path which should be followed by South Africa.