Christof Heyns and Danie Brand outline the initial debate over the inclusion of socio-economic rights in the 1993 South African Constitution and their eventual formulation in the 1996 Constitution. The authors distinguish between the norm-setting and norm-enforcement provisions relating to socio-economic rights.

They point out that although a number of constitutions recognise socio-economic rights as human rights, the South African Constitution may be unique in that it provides for their judicial enforcement and a domestic reporting procedure.

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